Everything You Need To Know About Retainers

Congratulations on finishing your treatment! Here at Hall & Koppel Orthodontics, we appreciate all the hard work and dedication that you put into improving your smile, and we’re proud of you for sticking to your treatment plan and taking good care of your teeth throughout the orthodontic process! Now that you’re reaching the end of the active phase of treatment, it can be tempting to think you’re done with appliances for good. While you won’t have to deal with braces or clear aligners anymore, there is a second, easier phase of treatment still to come: retention. We’ve got everything you need to know about retainers to make your transition as smooth as possible!

Retention rounds out the treatment process and plays an essential role in maintaining your newly straightened smile. You’ve heard us talk about how important retainers are, but you may not understand exactly why. Since retention is all about the regular use of a retainer, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with this orthodontic staple before you get your braces off or use your last aligner. Keep reading to learn more about the basics of retainers, the different types we offer, and how regular wear will give you long-lasting results!   

Why are retainers so important?

As we get older, it’s not uncommon to see a slight shifting occur with our teeth. This phenomenon, known as relapse, will usually begin in your late teens or early twenties. It refers to the natural tendency of the teeth to drift back towards their original positions, something that can happen even after orthodontic treatment has been completed. Retainers are the key to preventing this type of relapse—they hold your teeth in their new positions and keep natural drifting at bay.

Time to get a little technical! Teeth are not just fixtures in the jaw—each one is held in its socket by elastic ligaments that attach the roots to the bone. These ligaments are actually living tissues that are affected by the movement of the teeth, and it’s this attachment that allows for the small movements of the teeth during treatment.

Orthodontic appliances like braces and aligners are used to create tension in and around the teeth, which facilitates new ligaments. Once this process, also known as remodeling, is complete, the newly formed tissues, ligaments, and bone will need time to stabilize. 

Then comes the retention phase. If there is nothing to hold the teeth in place during this phase, they will almost always migrate back to their old positions. This means that if you don’t wear your retainer as directed by Dr. Hall and Dr. Koppel once the active phase of treatment is complete, your teeth will eventually start shifting back to their old positions, undoing all your hard work. The good news is, it’s easy to avoid relapse! Keeping your teeth in place is as simple as wearing your retainer as directed by your orthodontist. Dr. Hall and Dr. Koppel will choose the best type of retainer for you based on your unique needs, preferences, and expected compliance.

What types of retainers are available?

Just like we offer fixed appliances (braces) and removable appliances (clear aligners), we also have fixed and removable retainers available for your retention phase. Removable retainers are further broken down into Hawley and Essix retainers. We’ll explore their features in a little more detail here.

Fixed retainers

Fixed retainers generally consist of a thin wire that’s bonded behind the bottom or top teeth, or sometimes both. These can be a particularly helpful option for Hall & Koppel Orthodontics patients who have or had a large space between the two upper front teeth. Once treatment is complete and the space is completely closed, a fixed retainer can be used to keep it that way.

Since the wire stretches across several teeth, dental hygiene is similar to that of a braces patient. If you have a fixed retainer, you’ll need to be especially careful with brushing and flossing to ensure it stays clean. Because the bonded wire holds your newly straightened teeth in the ideal alignment over a long period, fixed retainers often have excellent outcomes—and you never have to remember to wear them!

Removable retainers

When it comes to removable retainers, there are a couple of different options available. The Hawley and Essix models are both custom-designed to fit your mouth following treatment. When you complete the active phase of treatment, our team will take an impression of your teeth and use this to create your retainer.

Hawley retainers

Hawley retainers are one of the oldest types of retainers, and the type you’re most likely to recognize! They’re made of stainless steel and kept in place by wrapping a wire around your teeth. That wire is combined with an acrylic arch that rests against the roof of your mouth, and it can be adjusted to continue minor movement of the front teeth if needed. Although many orthodontists are moving away from using this more traditional retainer, it can still be very useful in certain cases.

Essix retainers

Essix retainers are made entirely of transparent plastic and look very similar to the clear aligners used with the Invisalign system. Each one is molded to the unique shape of the patient’s mouth and may cover the entire arch of the teeth or only go from canine to canine. This type of retainer is very subtle and should last as long as you need it, provided you care for it properly.

Cleaning your teeth is easier with either of these types of removable retainers, but you’ll have to remember to wear them every day. They can also be pretty easy to misplace or damage! If you’re given an Essix retainer, you’ll need to be mindful of where it is at all times and be careful when handling it.

Keep your smile straight with retainers from Hall & Koppel Orthodontics

In the first year after treatment, it can take only a few days for teeth to begin shifting back to their original positions. This could happen to you if you don’t wear your retainer as directed by Dr. Hall or Dr. Koppel! Modern orthodontic wisdom tells us that most patients will need to wear some type of retainer indefinitely after the teeth have been straightened, but don’t worry! This will become just another part of your daily routine before you know it.

At Hall & Koppel Orthodontics, our expert team is committed to finding exactly the right orthodontic treatment for you, including the type of retainer that will serve you best! For more information about retention after orthodontic treatment, get in touch with us today to schedule a visit or FREE consultation at our office in Hot Springs. We’re here to help you achieve a beautifully aligned smile that lasts a lifetime!